Document Type : Research/Original Article
Institute of Science, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, India
Department of R & D, National Foods, The Hing Research Center, GIDC-Waghodia, Vadodara, India
National Foods-The Hing Research Centre, GIDC, Waghodia, Vadodara, India
Institute of Science, Nirma University, Ahmedabad , India
Purpose: The current investigation was conducted with the aim to elucidate and determine the anti-cancer efficacy in vitro on colon carcinoma human cell lines and to determine its probable mode of action.
Method: Anti-proliferative and apoptotic effect of various doses of essential oil from Ferula asafoetida was investigated on colon cancer cell lines i.e. CW620 and CT26. WT. The percentage cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. In addition, expression studies were carried out to determine the mode of action by determining the levels of NF-kB, TNF-alpha, TGF-beta and Caspases.
Result: The potent anti-proliferative activity has been observed in both the cell lines. The percentage cytotoxicity is directly proportional to the increasing concentration of the essential oil. The same was also confirmed in the expression studies which shows significant upregulation of the antiapoptotic characteristics and down regulation of pro-carcinogenic factors.
Conclusion: The essential oil shows potent anti-cancer activity and shows the role in gene regulation to attenuate the colon cancer.