Time Will tell: the short term gain and the long term loss: Bariatric surgery and colorectal Cancer

Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Visceral and Digestive Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Sud Francilien, Corbeil Essones, Franc.

2 Department of Medical Oncology, Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon, University of Balamand, Lebanon

3 Department International d’oncologie, Gustave Roussy, Universite Paris-Saclay, Villejuif, Fran

4 Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Poissy Saint Germain Medical Center, Poissy, Fran

5 Department of General Surgery, Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Abstract

Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic and its prevalence is in a continuous rise. Bariatric and metabolic surgery is the most effective treatment modality for long-term weight loss and resolution of associated comorbidities. It is well known that obesity increases the overall mortality and the link between obesity and the increased risk of cancer is firmly established, mainly hormone related cancers such as breast cancer and endometrial cancer. On the other hand, the association between intentional weight reduction through bariatric or metabolic surgery and the reduced cancer risk, mainly none hormone mediated cancers remains poorly understood with limited knowledge and conflicting data in the medical literature. Furthermore, the published outcomes regarding the effect of bariatric and metabolic surgery on the risk of colorectal cancer suggest a complex and poorly understood association. We herein review the literature regarding such an association and provide a plausible mechanism behind the increased risk of colorectal cancer after bariatric and metabolic surgery.

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